UHS and UTHSCSA
Department of Pathology


Reference Ranges for Complete Urinalysis

Normal Urine Colors are yellow, pale yellow, straw, dark yellow, and colorless.

  

Normal Urine Appearances are clear, slightly cloudy, or hazy. As of January 2013

    Chemical

    Microscopic Analysis

Constituent

Reference Range

Element

Reference Range

Glucose

Negative

White Blood Cells

0-5 / High Power Field

Bilirubin

Negative

Red Blood Cells

0-5/ High Power Field

Ketones

Negative

Epithelial ells

0-5/ High Power Field

Blood

Negative

Bacteria

None

pH

5 - 8

Yeast

None

Protein

Negative

Trichomonas

None

Urobilinogen

0.2 - 1 EU/dL

Parasites

None

Nitrite

Negative

Mucus Threads

None or Few

Leukocyte

Negative

Renal Cells

0-5/ High Power Field

Specific Gravity

1.001 - 1.035

Casts

 Crystals

Type of Cast

Reference Range

Crystals (Normal or Abnormal)

Reference Range

Hyaline

0-1/ Low Power Field

Amorphous Sediment (urates and phosphates)

None

Coarse Granular

None

Uric Acid

None

Fine Granular

None

Calcium Oxalate

None

Cellular (Epithelial Cell)

None

Calcium Carbonate

None

Waxy

None

Triple Phosphate

None

Fatty

None

Ammonium Urate and Biurate

None

Red Blood Cell

None

Crystals (Always Abnormal)

Reference Range

White Blood Cell

None

Sulfonamide

None

Leucine

None

Tyrosine

None

Cystine

None

Cholesterol

None

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* LPF is per Low Power field


1. The information in the DOLS web site is developed for and intended to help the clinicians of our academic medical community: The University Health System; The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio; The South Texas Veterans Healthcare System: Audie Murphy Memorial Veterans Hospital.
2. If you are from outside of our community and you find that the information is helpful, you are welcome to it, however, we encourage you to consult with your local experts and your health science center libraries for more information.


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Last updated on 02 May 2013 by John D. Olson, M.D., Ph.D.